After the first trimester, the pregnant mother’s body is stronger, the symptoms of morning sickness also gradually disappear. Therefore, we need to know how to take good care of a 4-month-old pregnant woman for the most comprehensive development of the fetus.
4th month of pregnancy: mother and baby what changes?
The 4th month of pregnancy is counted from the 14th to the 18th week, this is a period with many very special changes for both mother and fetus, so we need to know how to take good care of the 4th month pregnant woman.
Experts say, by the 4th month of pregnancy, the weight of the embryo will increase to about 150 grams. The size of the fetus also increases from 9-10 cm to 13-14 cm equivalent to an avocado.
During B overtime, parents can clearly observe the organs and parts of the fetus such as arms, muscles, hands, feet, nervous system… Covering the baby’s immature skin is a soft fleece layer. Babies often have movements such as suckling, covering their face with their hands, especially kicking – these movements of the pregnant baby can be felt very clearly.
However, along with the increase in body measurements and weight, the pregnant mother’s belly also expands. This makes pregnant women often feel tired, especially if they have to be active.
After entering the first trimester, the symptoms of morning sickness in 4-month-old pregnant women also decrease or disappear completely. Instead it is a craving, partly because the fetus “demands” more. Eating a lot of nutritious foods during the 4th month of pregnancy is an important method of moderation so that pregnant women can meet the mother’s energy needs and help the fetus develop.
Scientific methods of pregnancy care in the second 4 months of pregnancy
Taking care of the 4th month pregnant woman is the same as the other stages of pregnancy. It is to ensure a nutritious diet, the healthiest way of life for pregnant women. Below monkey guides you to read how to best take care of pregnant women in the 4th month.
Diet for pregnant women in the 4th month
A 4-month-old pregnant woman needs to pay attention to 2 issues when restoring health through nutrition. Here are the foods you should and shouldn’t eat during pregnancy to stay healthy.
Foods pregnant women should eat in the 4th month
As we all know, the fourth month of pregnancy is the period when the organs and parts of the fetus are fully developed, and the morphology and brain develop strongly. Therefore, we need to ensure a good diet to help the fetus develop the most comprehensively.
The foods pregnant women should eat in the 4th month of pregnancy include:
Foods rich in fiber: Fiber is abundant in green vegetables, fruits, cereals and oatmeal, etc. Pregnant women in the 4th month should supplement with this substance to prevent the risk of constipation, hemorrhoids during pregnancy. At the same time, fiber also plays a role in eliminating toxins and retaining water for pregnant women.
Foods rich in iron: Iron is one of the important micronutrients to help pregnant women not become anemic and develop well. Pregnant women with iron deficiency often experience dizziness, lightheadedness, fatigue and are at risk of complications such as pre-eclampsia, miscarriage, and premature delivery. Therefore, pregnant women in the 4th month of pregnancy need to eat a lot of green vegetables, red meat, eggs, dried fruits, … to supplement enough iron for the body.
Fat-rich foods: Fat plays an important role in the body and contributes to the good development of the brain and nervous system of the fetus. Pregnant women should eat foods rich in omega-3, omega-6, omega-9 such as salmon, mackerel, chia seeds, walnuts, flaxseeds, olive oil, etc.
Foods rich in calcium: Calcium is an indispensable substance in the 4th month of pregnancy. It helps the fetus develop healthy and prevents the risk of osteoporosis in pregnant women. Pregnant women should eat more calcium-rich foods such as eggs, milk, shrimp, crab, fish, beef, etc. In addition, doctors always recommend pregnant women to supplement with calcium to meet the body’s needs.
Green vegetables and fresh fruits: This is a rich source of vitamins, minerals and fiber necessary for the health of the mother and the development of the fetus. Pregnant women should eat a lot of dark green vegetables such as cabbage, cauliflower, water spinach, spinach, watercress … and fruits including: oranges, tangerines, apples, grapes, mangoes, dragon fruit, fruit. dried plants….
Foods pregnant women should not eat during the second 4 months of pregnancy
In addition to healthy foods, 4-month-old pregnant women must also be aware of some foods that will hinder the development and threaten the safety of the fetus. The following are foods pregnant women should not eat during the 4th month of pregnancy such as:
Soft cheese: Cheese is often made from unpasteurized milk, containing many bacteria that are harmful to the health of pregnant women and fetuses.
Wheat flour: Eating flour regularly will not be easy to digest and easily cause constipation in pregnant women.
Deep-sea fish: These fish often contain high levels of mercury, which have been linked to fetal brain retardation, birth defects,…
Street food: These dishes often do not ensure food hygiene and safety, the origin of processed materials is unknown. Pregnant women should eat homemade foods instead of these foods.
Dried fruit: Fruit contains many vitamins that are good for health, but dried fruit contains thermogenic substances that can cause rashes, acne, constipation, etc.
Licorice: This herb can cause the uterus to contract, leading to miscarriage. Therefore, pregnant women in the 4th month should stay away from toothpaste, candy, etc.
Good lifestyle in the first trimester of pregnancy
Experts recommend that in order to have a healthy pregnancy, pregnant women should build themselves a scientific, reasonable and adherent lifestyle. A balanced diet and activities can help pregnant women reduce fatigue and create conditions for the fetus to develop well.
The schedule of daily activities can be consulted as follows:
6-7am: Wake up, exercise
Waking up early and exercising helps pregnant women feel more relaxed and have enough energy to get through the day.
7-8h: Enjoy a nutritious breakfast
Breakfast is not only important for pregnant women but also for everyone. Therefore, pregnant women need to eat a full breakfast to provide adequate nutrients for the body. Some foods pregnant women can choose for breakfast such as cereals, milk, bread, oatmeal, fruit desserts, etc.
12-13:30pm: lunch and break
Pregnant women, whether at work or at home, need to eat lunch regularly and rest for at least 1 hour. This helps replenish energy and give pregnant women a healthy afternoon.
If you want to sleep well at noon, pregnant women should not eat too much, should eat many snacks during the day. Snacks start from 3-4 pm, mothers can choose snacks, fruits, milk, yogurt … to supplement nutrition for the body.
Before 20:00: Have dinner and snack before going to bed
In the evening, pregnant women should choose easy-to-digest foods and drink plenty of water to have a better sleep. In particular, foods with a low glycemic index will help pregnant women reduce the risk of gestational diabetes.
From 10am: Sleep
Pregnant women need to make sure to get 8 hours of sleep each night for optimal health and full energy for the next day. Moreover, going to bed early also has the effect of protecting the liver, kidneys, heart, etc.
In general, a moderate lifestyle will definitely contribute to ensuring the health of the mother and the healthy development of the fetus. Therefore, we have no reason to “reject” such a way of life.
Things to avoid during the fourth month of pregnancy
In addition to paying attention to diet, regular and scientific activities, paying attention to risk factors during pregnancy is also a way to take care of pregnant women in the second 4 months. To ensure the safety of pregnant women and fetuses, we need to absolutely avoid the following:
brisk walking, running and jumping, especially in slippery areas
Climb high, look far away, burden.
Hair dye, nail polish, cosmetics… all contain harmful chemicals.
Frequent contact with chemicals and detergents.
Using and consuming stimulants such as alcohol, tobacco, coffee, tea, laughing balls…
Sauna or take a hot bath.
Self-medication without a doctor’s prescription.
Easily angry, irritable, stressed, stressed, having negative thoughts.
stand up, sit down suddenly, stand or sit in one place for too long
Wearing high heels, slippery sandals with no grip in wet places such as toilets, wet floors, etc.
Sleeping position of 4 months pregnant woman
Because in the 4th month of pregnancy, the belly is not too big and the symptoms of morning sickness have passed, so pregnant women can sleep in any position that is most comfortable. The mother can lie on her left or right side, lying on her stomach. However, lying on the left side helps to avoid compression of the vena cava and does not interfere with blood flow to the fetus.
Pregnant women can use pillows or soft blankets to raise their head, abdomen or legs when sleeping for maximum comfort. Pregnant women with sleep disorders should sleep more to avoid sleep deprivation during pregnancy.
Unusual signs to check in the 4th month of pregnancy
The body of pregnant women in the 4th month of pregnancy is much stronger than in the first 3 months of pregnancy. The reason is that the fetus is firmly attached to the uterus, the symptoms of morning sickness also decrease, in many cases even disappear completely.
However, we still cannot ignore the health protection during the 4th month of pregnancy, because there are too many factors that can lead to miscarriage. To avoid possible risks, 4 months old pregnant women need to pay attention to abnormal signs when breastfeeding. At that time, the pregnant woman needs to be taken to the medical center as soon as possible so that the doctors can intervene in time.
The following are unusual signs that need immediate medical attention in pregnant women:
More and more morning sickness makes pregnant women eat less, leading to weakness in the body.
Vaginal bleeding or discharge that is heavy and has a bad odor.
Abnormally large abdomen.
Severe itching in the palms and soles.
Firefly outbreaks occur frequently and cause visual impairment.
A little bit cold.
Severe headache that lasts more than 2-3 hours.
Sudden weight gain.
Abdominal pain, severe cramping.
These are signs that the disease can have complications that affect the developing fetus, even a very dangerous miscarriage. Therefore, both pregnant women and families need to pay attention to the health status of pregnant women in the 4th month to minimize risks.
Expert advice for the 4th month of pregnancy
In addition to the knowledge of 4 months of conditioning for pregnant women shared above, experts also give some suggestions for pregnant women such as:
Exercise regularly to stay healthy. Choose gentle exercises such as: yoga, Kegels, swimming, walking, cycling …
For pregnant women with a history of infertility, miscarriage, it is necessary to consult a doctor before practicing the movements.
Do not exercise in conditions that are too hot, too cold, or too wet.
Drink plenty of water after exercise to avoid dehydration.
Choose comfortable, sweat-absorbent clothes, etc. to wear every day and help your body not be constrained.
Pregnant women should choose light-colored underwear to monitor abnormalities in the vaginal area.
Moderate sexual activity, 1-2 times/week, gentle sex position, avoid roughness, especially with pregnant women, not good health.
Therefore, in this article, Anh Hau has shared the body care methods for pregnant women in the 4th month in a very complete and detailed way. Hopefully these knowledge will help pregnant women have good health, optimal fetal development and safe delivery.
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